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International Day for Biological Diversity

22 May, 2021

Biological diversity refers to the wide variety of plants, animals and microorganisms, the genetic differences within each species, and the variety of ecosystems (lakes, forest, deserts, agricultural landscapes) that host multiple kind of interactions among their members (humans, plants, animals). The International Day for Biological Diversity was established in 2000 in recognition of the Convention on Biological Diversity — ratified by 196 nations — which documents the importance of conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources. Each of the conditions necessary to achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity requires transformative change in each of the following sectors:

  • Land and Forests
  • Freshwater
  • Fisheries and Oceans
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Food Systems
  • Cities and Infrastructure
  • Climate Action
  • One Health


Image: International Day for Biological Diversity