World Soil Day
5 December, 2021
Plants nurture soil-living organisms — only 1% of these soil microorganisms having been identified to date (compared to 80% of plant species). This vast world constitutes soil biodiversity — 25% of the planet’s biodiversity — and determines the main bio-geochemical processes that make life possible on Earth, with this diverse community feeding and protecting plants, keeping the soil healthy and fertile, and breaking down some contaminants. Up to 90% of all living organisms live or spend part of their lifecycle in soils. World Soil Day is to advocate for healthy live biodiverse soils and the sustainable management of soil resources. It is to ensure soil fertility and thus counter the current threat to global food supplies and food safety. The annual King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award recognises individuals and/or institutions who/that have made an effort to organize successful World Soil Day celebrations. The award consists of a medal, US$15,000 and a trip to Thailand (if feasible) to receive the prize.