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World Diabetes Day

14 November, 2021

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get from the blood into cells to be used for energy. In diabetes, the body does not make enough—or any—insulin or doe not use insulin well. Glucose then stays in the blood and does not get in to the cells. There are many types of diabetes. In Type 1 – often diagnosed in children and young adults – no insulin is made and it is thus necessary to take insulin every day to stay alive. In Type 2 diabetes – often called acquired diabetes – the body does not make or use insulin well. Over time, too much glucose in the blood can cause the following
health problems:

Globally, more than 420 million adults live with diabetes and the global burden is expected to rise to 578 million by 2030 and 700 million by 2045, due primarily to increases in low- and middle-income countries, where health systems often lack the capacity to diagnose and manage diabetes. World Diabetes Day marks the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin in 1922 with Charles Best, and is to promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actions to confront diabetes as a critical global health issue. The blue circle global symbol for diabetes awareness signifies the unity of the global diabetes community in response to the diabetes epidemic.

 

 

Image: Diabetes Day