International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
6 November, 2021
Damage to the environment through war includes the pollution of water wells, the torching of crops, deforestation, soil poisoning and the killing of animals. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) reports that over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources ( timber, diamonds, gold, oil, fertile land, water). International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is to recognise the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding strategies. There is no durable peace if the natural resources that sustain livelihoods and ecosystems are destroyed. The European Union (EU) and six United Nations agencies and departments (UNEP, UNDP, UNHABITAT, PBSO, DPA and DESA), have partnered to help countries identify, prevent and transform tensions over natural resource as part of conflict prevention and peacebuilding programmes.